Bourland in North Texas and Indian Territory During the Civil War: Fort Cobb, Fort Arbuckle & the Wichita Mountains

by Patricia Adkins-Rochette

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 Garvin County OK Surveys of 1871 and 1899

by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management         Oklahoma Township-Range Map

Below are some of the legal descriptions of places of now Gavin County mentioned on     Unless otherwise stated, these data are from an 1899 survey.

Garvin County OK Surveys: Aug 1871, Sep 1871, and Sep 1899

1N 1E sec 23,      Negro Hut, 1871

1N 1E sec 32,      Negro Settlement, G.H., 1871

1N 1E sec 34,      Road to Texas, 1871

1N 1E sec 33,      Road to Fort Sill, 1871

1N 1E sec 25,      (water) spring, 1871

1N 1E sec 15,      Sandy Creek, 1871

1N 1W sec 25,    Fort Arbuckle, 1871.

1N 1E sec 25,      Store, Stables, 1871

1N 1E sec 25,      Grave Yard, 1871

1N 1E sec 26,      Mrs. Courtney, 1871 

1N 1E sec 36,      Initial Monument, 1871

1N 1E sec 25,      Houses, 1871

1N 1E sec 18,      Road to Cherokee Town, 1871.

1N 1E sec 24,      To Cherokee Town (road), 1871.

1N 1W sec 26,     Vander Creek

1N 1W sec 9,       Sandy Creek

1N 1W sec 19,     Rock Creek

1N 1W sec 31,      Hennepin

1N 2W sec 34,      Massa Creek

1N 2W sec 25,      Eightmile Creek

1N 3W sec 33,      Ignorant Branch

1N 3W sec 29,      Bear Creek

1N 3W sec 19,      Sandy Creek

1N 3W sec 21,      Robberson

1N 3W sec 9,       Cotton Creek

1N 3W sec 3,       Honey Creek

2N 1E sec 20,       Doak School

2N 1E sec 14,       Wynnewood

2N 1E sec 22,       Pitchlynn’s, 1871.

2N 1E sec 25,       Carris School

2N 1W sec 22,      Brady

2N 2E sec 26,       Chigley Sandy Creek, named for Nelson Chigley, Chigley Flatt

2N 2E sec 32/33,  Wynnewood and Sulphur Springs Road

2N 2E sec 5,        Nigger Sandy Creek

2N 2E sec 8,       Turkey Sandy Creek

2N 2E sec 11, 12, Wynnewood and Roff Road

2N 2E sec 30,       Kickapoo Sandy Creek

2N 3E sec 32,       Rock Creek

2N 3E sec 30,       Big Sandy Creek

2N 3E sec 30,       Iona

2N 3E sec 28,       Guy Sandy Creek

2N 3E sec 2,         Canadian Sandy Creek

2N 3W sec 19,      Wildcat Creek

2N 2W sec 27,     Elmore (later Elmore City, where your editor graduated from high school in 1960.)

3N 3E sec 36,       Canadian Sandy Creek

2N 3E sec 6/5,      Wynne Wood-Roff Road

3N 1E sec 9,         Pauls Valley

3N IE sec 25,      Cherokee Town, 1871 survey, in NW 1/4, 0.5 mile east of the intersection of the Little Sandy Creek and Washita River at rock-bottom Cherokee Crossing.   Five roads intersected at Cherokee Town, so it was a major stagecoach stop.

3N 1E sec 24,        Road to Okmulgee, 1871.

3N 1E sec 25,        Road to Boggy Depot, 1871

3N 1E sec 25,        Road to Fort Gibson, 1871

3N 1E sec 26, 24,   Little Sandy Creek, 1871

3N 1E sec 26,       Cherokee Sandy Creek-Washita River intersects at NE 1/4 of sec 26, on the east bank of the Washita; therefore, the name of Little Sandy Creek changed to Cherokee Sandy Creek between 1871 and 1899 map.

3N 1E sec 27,        Waits' Home, 1871.

3N 2E sec 15,        Cherokee Sandy Creek, 1899.

3N 3E sec 29,        Cherokee Sandy Creek, 1899.

3N 1E sec 6,        Wm Williams’ [Home], 1871 survey, William Garrard "Caddo Bill" Williams, m-Anna Eastman (a Caddo), owned the land where the 1865 meeting at Camp Napoleon (now Verden, Grady County OK) was held.  He arrived on the Washita, in what is now Caddo County in 1859 to work for the traders during his first years there.   During the Civil War, he served in George Washington's Caddo Reserve Squadron of the Confederacy.   His wife was a member of the Caddo tribe and he soon embarked in cattle ranching on his own account. He died in El Reno, about 1912.

3N 1E sec 8, 9,        Smith Paul’s Field (corn), 1871

3N 1E sec 17,          Smith Paul’s Corn Crib, 1871

3N 1E sec 10,          George Gardner/ Gardiner, 1871

3N 1E sec 30, 31,     Iron Ore, 1871

3N 1E sec 2,             Peavine Creek

3N 1E sec 34,           Hall’s, 1871, in 1851 came to Fort Arbuckle, Margaret Hall, m-Wm. L. Moncrief.

3N 1E sec 17,           [later Paul's] Valley & Fort Sill Road, 1871

3N 1E sec 4,        George Washington’s [Home, one of his homes], 1871 survey, NW 1/4, Confederate Major George Washington, d-1883, is represented in the Confederate Civil War records as: "Major George Washington, Hereditary Chief of the Whitebead Band of the Caddo Hasinai Tribe," the "last military officer to surrender, doing so immediately after Gov. Winchester Colbert at Tishomingo on July 16, 1865."  Washington had a large farm, with Washington Creek flowing though it, across the Washita River from Whitebead.  George Washington was famous for his mule-toed hogs.  Washington was already located on this property for years [maybe since 1839] before the Jul 1, 1859 Arbuckle Treaty that mandated that the Hasinai Caddo of the Brazos Reserve of Young County, TX be moved to the now Anadarko OK area.   Washington's band of Whitebead Caddos were friendly with, and kept in touch with, the Caddos of the Brazos Reserve of Texas.

3N 1W sec 3,         Whitebead, 1899

3N 2W sec 16,        Antioch  (4 miles east of where your editor was reared)

3N 2W sec 19,        Panther Creek

3N 2W sec 15,        Rush Creek

3N 2W sec 17,        [Fort] Cobb Trail, 1871

3N 3E sec 6,           Willow Sandy Creek

3N 3E sec 8,          Wynne Wood and Pauls Valley Road

3N 3W sec 35,       Panther Creek

3N 3W sec 33,       Noon Creek, flows into Rush Creek

3N 4W sec 23,       Purdy  (4 miles west of where your editor was reared)

3N 4W sec 26,       Rush Creek

4N 3E sec 30,         Keil Sandy Creek

4N 3E sec 17,        Telephone Line

4N 2E sec 8,         Telephone Line

4N 3E sec 1,          McGee

4N 3E sec 14,        Spring Creek

4N 1W sec 26,       Jesse Paul, 1871.

4N 1W sec 28,        Ingraham’s, 1871 survey, Henry Ingram

4N 2W sec 16, 21,   Beef Creek (now Maysville, where your editor attended high school, 1956-1958.)

4N 4W sec 15,        Erin Springs (Elm Springs before 1878)

4N 4W sec 26,        Round Creek intersects with Washita River

4N 4W sec 17,        Lowimore [Larimore] Creek


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 Patricia Adkins-Rochette        08/21/2008               

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Bourland in North Texas and Indian Territory During the Civil War: Fort Cobb, Fort Arbuckle & the Wichita Mountains