Bourland in North Texas and Indian Territory During the Civil War: Fort Cobb, Fort Arbuckle & the Wichita Mountains

  Reviews                                   by Patricia Adkins-Rochette                                                   Home

                                  

                             Schools in Indian Territory

Specifically cited in  pre-1907 old Pontotoc County  survey, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory         

  

 

Chickasaw Manual Labor Academy       
Names of the students for the year 1857 contains names
prominent in the annals of the Chickasaw Nation and it

stands as a monument to the enterprise of these Indians 
and the faithful instructors who prepared the students 
to take a useful part in the advancement of their people.

John Crocket                        Bynum Hays 
Benjamin Brown
Thomas Allen                        Samuel Gamble 
                 
Arnold Folsom
B. F. Roork                           David Beely 
J.K.P. Kemp
Benjamin Birnie, Burney               Jesse Paul
                
T. J. Prottaman
Johnson Bright                      Samuel Paul 
Robert Coil
Alfred Griffith                       C.C. Nelson 
Gibson Kemp
Joslyn McFerris                    Solon Borland 
Eastman Hamey
Wm. Hawkins                         Wm. Byrd     
                         
Lewis Priddy
Gibson Slater                        Shelton McClish 
Willis Seely
Martin Robinson                   Johnson Kays 
                      
Lewis McAlister
Overton Keel                        Peter Maytubby 
                  
John Adam
Silas Fillmore                         Albert Gaines 
Lewis Parker
Lyman Bennet                       Noah Albertson 
J.W. Parker
Wn. Sutton                            Robert Miller 
David King
John Willis                        Henderson Watkins
Isam Cooper
Hamp Porter                          Silas Steele 
John McClish
Eastman Frazier                     Martin James 
Hardy Bynam
Silas Wolf                              T.J Thompson 
Levi Colbert Jr.
John Wilburn                         George Colbert
                   
Kixon Robbins
Thomas Wilson                      Culbertson Harris 
                
James Kline
James Wilson                         A. Gooding 
Sloan Hawkins
James Parmer                         Eastman Chico 
                   
C. Williams
Eastman Loman                      Abram Chico 
                     
James Scotland
Thomas Perch                         J.Ross Bynum 
Laban Pearce
James Reynolds                      C.Davidson 
Mon[t}ford Johnson
Levi Colbert                            J.D. Collins 
Hensley Anderson
Harrisson Colbert                    Wall Alexander
E. Stephenson
J.J. Colbert                             William Bacon 
Thompson Jones
Wilson Colbert                        John Bruce 
Samuel Green
William Thompson                  Joseph Walton 
Gilbert Corbett
Philo Steward                          Martin Acker 
Dixon Lewis
Hogan Maytubby                     John Ellis 
Forbis Mosely
Robert James                           Wm. Miller 
W.H. Harrison
Amos Russell                           Adkins Day 
Isaac Folsom
David Fulson                           Wesley Browning 
George Folsom
Stephen Tyner                          Richard McClish 
Alish Peaboddy ?
Thomas Fletcher                       Dickason McClish 
Jefferson Pitchlynn
Humis Kays                             Gabriel Albertson 
Logan Jones
Dickson Thomas                      Walton Kemp
                       
Silas McKee
Joseph James                           Charles Went 
Wilson Fillmore
A.C. Bacon                               Alex Went 
Alfred McClish
Alex. McClish                           Esau McCoy 
Davis Bynum
Alan N Bonapart                      Henry Russell 
Nathaniel Colbert
Alfred Wallace                          Brashears Frazier 
Dixon Ward
Lorin Benton                             Robinson Kemp 
Thomas Pitt
Wm. Guy                                  Thomas Mix 
T.B. Josey

Mr Robinson (Supt.) was granted a early absence and 
returned to Kentucky to visit his family, Gov Cyrus 
Harris and Maj. Humphries Colbert he tested for two 
days their studies, the results being very good they 
closed the school a month early
 
O.H.S 27 Pg 347 Farming and misc. - labor -- they had 
fired 150,000 bricks earlier for the school --- that 
were used later for another building of a school.
 
&&&&&&&&&&
 

Patti-Rochette,

This site I found has a map and  1855 picture [O.H.S} of this New Hope school-- with misc History. Skullyville
http://www.skullyville.com/skullhist.html 

*******************************************

          I found both Collins Intitutes-T-2, 7E and T-2, 6E Colberts School, so I've solved the location of both - it within the survey of 1871 and 1899, thanks to the BLM- maps  and you Posting them, they changed the sections numbers?
          O.H.S.  had it right but did not explain it.
           It's the same place, when the Chickasaw rebuild it and turned it into a girls school in the 1870s that was the end of the Colbert school, and it became the Collins school  thereafter. the 1st and 2nd  survey show it and the maps also prove it also.
            It can be viewed by using the above numbers.   You must use both maps

************************************

O.H.S Vol12 pg.424-25   ... From; 1892-97

William H. Jackson an inter-married Chickasaw Citizen was a contractor and superintendent of Wapanucka Academy. Collins Institute was named for Judson D Collin's a prominent Chickasaw living in the vicinity of Byrd's mill, on the head water of the clear boggy. It was originally called __Colbert Institute__ having first being est, some years afterward was changed to the-- head waters of the clear boggy.

Notes; from map--Bois d' arc creek is at the head water of the clear boggy and is where the Colbert school (sec 11) was found above Byrd mill. (Sec 35)--same school location- (degrees Long/lat & means on both plots map match same location.) Byrd mill was Est after the Civil war.------------(this location is in Stonewall Ok. )

T2N 6E Sec 11,Pontotoc Co. (BLM- map 1899) Colbert Institute (est 1857)

2TN 7E Sec 20 Pontotoc Co (BLM- Map 1899) Collins Institute (est 1890)

Also see Vol 15 pg 417 rebuilding Chickasaw schools after the Civil War Ft Smith 1865-66

Gov. Winchester Colbert -seeking funds - he had a personal involvement in building the Colbert Institute- that burned down-

The Chickasaw hoped to be able to re-establish their old system of education. which would include the opening of the academies and neighborhood schools. this was not a easy task as the schools buildings had been badly damaged by the war. ----Colbert Institute------had been entirely burned and other Academies, having been used as military camps were unfit for school purposes.

No other info found before the civil war -Colbert Institute/Later became Collin Institute) est 1857 Stonewall, Pontotoc co. these were of the mission church school type ( some -boarding) on a regular circuit abt 9 in the Chickasaw nation some have no info other have a lot?

*********************************

Patricia ,
Corrections:2N 6E Sec SE 11 Pontotoc Co. Colbert school- (Compleded.survey-8/11/1871-Ehed Noble Darling -plot-drawing) also 2N
6E Sec NE 14 Playing field/grd/ maybe fenced it in both plots?

Bois d'arc Creek is important land mark here as it on both maps on the 1871 its in sec 12,11,10,and goes south-- but  it is within walking distance from
the school.

2nd Survey; 9/24/1897 Completed,11/15/1897--Surveyor; W.A. Lindsay 2N 7E Sec E 17 and Sec N20--  list  "Collins Institute" after studying this plot
using location in Stonewall, and  Bois d'arc creek it very clear they changed the plot  Section numbers of the 1871 survey. But it also clear this was the old Colbert school it now  gone, replaced with  most of this school on the playing field old (sec 14) this new location is as this survey;2N 7E Sec S17 Pontotoc Co and 2N 7E Sec N 20

Notes; this school was re-build some time between and renamed 1871 and 1897.  The plot drawing is now square, aligned, more modern- used Bois d'arc creek to help confirm location the same.

Sorry if I misled you to Sec. 12-- all locations (Pan) are on the Stonewall road (East) near the end of  BLM map.  Thanks---

 

*************************

 
Patti Rochette,
I see you have been very busy putting up Pontotoc info. also-you must of 
found the right map as the Byrd Mill /P.O Franks is just south of the 
Colbert school on the same map.
I've been trying to understand all the schools-Civil -1900s work in progress 
O.H.S.
Civil War era

Ft Coffee-Burned down Civil war not replaced Vol 15 pg 417-

Colbert School- Burned completed down in civil war- Vol 15 pg417 rebuild  by 
1867

Perryville  school-(Also known as the Rock -build out of limestone) by 
school manual labor-burned/ruined in Civil War not replaced. (Wapanucka & 
Harley's also were were called the rock by settler's only because of 
structure being of (white-ish stone)& over all look.

Wapanucka-Est mission school (Girls) abt. 1852 near Delaware creek abt N12 
miles from Old Boggy Depot --Was a hospital for soldiers during the civil 
war. closed in 1901 vol 15 pg 425 in 1890 the girls were transferred to the 
Collins Institute near Stonewall Pontotoc Co. and the boys at Collins were 
moved to Wapanucka by act of Chickasaw nation.
Vol-15 pg417
The Chickasaw Nation hoped to be able to reestablish their old system of 
education which would include the opening of the academies and neighborhood 
schools. This was not a easy task as the school buildings had been badly 
damaged by the war.
Colbert Institute had been entirely  burned and other academies having been 
used as military camps were unfit for school purposes.
Notes; This is at Ft Smith 1865-66  Gov. Winchester Colbert seeking  funds 
for schools. it list the money let-school?
So this be after the war schools-?

Collins Institute;Pontotoc-Stonewall-1885-1905 A Chickasaw Indian 
school -sometimes confused with the Chickasaw National Academy the first 
being abandoned some 10-12 years before the latter was established. Vol 12 pg 
153
Judson D Collins a distinguished full-blood pass a leg-senate- act- creating 
a manual labor feature  Indian-school for boys- soon afterward named the 
school in his honor.
The manual labor feature was abolished shortly after it est. and it was then 
operated as a girls school.

Chickasaw National Academy: --Loc-Stonewall Pontotoc Co
Vol 12 pg 153-The Chickasaw National Academy, consisting of a boarding school 
for Chickasaw Indian children, with two large structures, one for the 
boarding department and another for the educational Dept. was est. it about 
the same time the former was destroyed by fire in 1874 the latter the same 
way by a fire in 1880.This  site location is about one mile south-east edge 
of old Stonewall Cemetery. Said Cemetery having been Est. shortly before
the civil war-having being some of graves are walled in covered with wide 
slabs of stone. Gov W.L Byrd mother was buried there abt 1880.
T2N 6E Sec 30 NE Pontotoc Co. near (abt 1-1/2-2 miles) the road to 
Frank (Byrd) Mill and P.O in Franks -- West side on the-1899 - map

Notes; I'm only looking at these schools for the last few days--its very 
complex- there was two schools in stonewall it look like one was boys 
and one was girls put I  located both - {Old Stonewall is what we call now 
Frisco} I found what I was look for so I'll leave it alone.
 
Vol-15 pg417
The Chickasaw Nation hoped to be able to reestablish their old system of 
education which would include the opening of the academies and neighborhood 
schools. This was not a easy task as the school buildings had been badly 
damaged by the war.
Colbert Institute had been entirely  burned and other academies having been 
used as military camps were unfit for school purposes.
Notes; This is at Ft Smith 1865-66  Gov. Winchester Colbert seeking  funds 
for schools. it list the money let-school?
So this be after the war schools-?

Collins Institute;Pontotoc-Stonewall-1885-1905 A Chickasaw Indian 
school -sometimes confused with the Chickasaw National Academy the first 
being abandoned some 10-12 years before the latter was established. Vol 12 pg 
153
Judson D Collins a distinguished full-blood pass a leg-senate- act- creating 
a manual labor feature  Indian-school for boys- soon afterward named the 
school in his honor.
The manual labor feature was abolished shortly after it est. and it was then 
operated as a girls school.

Chickasaw National Academy: --Loc-Stonewall Pontotoc Co
Vol 12 pg 153-The Chickasaw National Academy, consisting of a boarding school 
for Chickasaw Indian children, with two large structures, one for the 
boarding department and another for the educational Dept. was est. it about 
the same time the former was destroyed by fire in 1874 the latter the same 
way by a fire in 1880.This  site location is about one mile south-east edge 
of old Stonewall Cemetery. Said Cemetery having been Est. shortly before
the civil war-having being some of graves are walled in covered with wide 
slabs of stone. Gov W.L Byrd mother was buried there abt 1880.
T2N 6E Sec 30 NE Pontotoc Co. near (abt 1-1/2-2 miles) the road to 
Frank (Byrd) Mill and P.O in Franks -- West side on the-1899 - map

Notes; I'm only looking at these schools for the last few days--its very 
complex- there was two schools in stonewall it look like one was boys 
and one was girls put I  located both - {Old Stonewall is what we call now 
Frisco} I found what I was look for so I'll leave it alone.

*************************

Perryville school- Est-1852-burned civil war Choctaw-Chickasaw-Indian

Boys Labor school

 
 (Col.) Pitman Colbert-One of the founders- A wealthy notable-Chickasaw and a Uncle to Winchester Colbert, he also was to have started a Grist Mill and Sawmill-from a Boggy Depot  Chickasaw report but I'm not sure he was still alive at the time of the Civil war he attended school in 1803, he lived on a  farm in the Red River area with a large plantation .I found a large Grist mill abt 2 miles from old boggy depot (LeFlore) just after the war? Also a large sawmill at  near Stringer-town n-Atoka area also just after the war? Different owner O.H.S ---I was in error the Perryville school was wood it burned in the war-not of-stone-it was not called the rock.
 

T5N R14 Sec 35,34,26,27-town-map Vol 8  Pg. 146-O.H.S

 
 
As a result of the War funds were granted at Ft Smith 1865-66  by the Chickasaws to build a school for Orphans at Stonewall, Pontotoc Co--As a result of the the Civil war
 
 Named; Lebanon Institute opened in 1867 with the average of approx.  60 both boys and girls. In 1879 Lebanon Institute names was changed to the "Chickasaw Orphans home" by the Chickasaw Nation.
 
Notes it disappears-on all records---likely the same same school as on the map (BLM-1899 shown-school) by Old Stonewall (Frisco) that burned two times- near the old cem. and the stated confused with the Collins Institute? Stated in Vol 12 pg 153 as the-- Chickasaw National Academy- In his story he stated it had been closed for 10-12 yrs he likely did not  know the  exact name/former name of this school.

 

He  would still be correct that this was a Chickasaw National school  --I'm convinced this was the same school. Churches/ mission may have changed the system into other  school s later on 1880's?
Refer; Vol 15 pg 424-425
 
BLM map 1899 is a new survey with all the old 1871 existing building shown--needed to convert the map over to the new 1899 (T2 R6 old) to new (T2 R7 new) building this is just needed survey  adjustment to drawings 

********************************************************************

Robinson Academy-  location abt-12 NW of Ft Washita within the Chickasaw nation .... Aug 29.1849- Heavy rains, during spring sleet/snow destroyed  grains, fruits, seriously injured a Saw Mill and Grist Mill  belonging to William R Guy on the Boggy river and G.L. Love. were destroyed, it took five weeks to repair. Oct 6,1849, cutting lumber for the large buildings for the school. O.H.S. Vol. 23 Pg 340
Note; W.R. Guy is related to Gov. C. Harris- the Loves (were 5 brother's) lived near the mouth of Washita/Red river-area, owned large Plantations in Chickasaw nation  abt-1850's 1851:Open building  for 60 boys and 60 girls  Rev. Robinson--later became the Chickasaw Manual Labor school (boys)
  .  
1857- school had-- one blacksmith----one Carpenter--six working mules --four horses--six working yoke of cattle Harrows, rollers, reaping machine, Thrasher and necessary implements.
 
[Hoard & Son Eight horse-power Steam engine and a portable Sawmill}-- This equipment likely used to build Colbert school in 1857.at Stonewall.   This equipment was used to help build other Chickasaw  Nation schools also.    Equip Refer; O.H.S. Vol23

&&&&&&&&&&

 

Choctaw schools    .... Ft Coffee-  Choctaw-Boys school approx 60 --near Scullyville  and burned in  the Civil war.
Two one story frame building about 100' feet long and 100' feet apart from the girls (New Hope) school with a board piazza's on one  side. Apparently modeled after the Barracks at Ft Coffee.   Rev. W.L. McAlister 1846
New Hope- Choctaw-Girls schools approx 60-- near Scullyville-- next to Ft Coffee Boys school One story frame building 100' long board piazza one side- ( Mission-boarding school)   Not burned  Ft Smith-Herald-June6,1867--" Cherokee families are still occupying  the Old school building "O.H.S Vol 27
 
Notes; All the schools were closed during the Civil War
The Chickasaw-Choctaw Indian agent before the war was D. H. Cooper later the C.S.A. General and  commander of I.T. He was fully aware as to size& location, of all the schools- many were " Ready made to use as post/camps/Medical-Hospitals etc. -this also why they were  always--burned by the north.
There are a number of letters with his name on it, it was part of his job to help-keep the schools, functioning as a  Indian agent? 

***********************************************  

Armstrong Academy-  Choctaw Location approx 8 miles  east of Durant-  and 3 miles NE from Bokchito
Named after a William Armstrong a well know Indian Agent-removal time. (south Ok. area) 
 
Civil War- Rev. Robert J. Hogue--during the dark days of the civil war when the Armstrong became a Confederate hospital and the surrounding country an asylum for refugees from northern part of Indian Territory.
Vol 13 pgs 270-271 also was on the mission church circuit-pre-war.   

&&&&&&&&&&

.
Thank you for fixing the broken links, the Pontotoc T2N-R7E Sec.28 shows the
crossing road on Clear Boggy Creek near the Bois-d-Arc Creek mouth.(#1)-{near-Store/farm/toll
crossing point} marked stonewall road going west toward (Byrds Mill-not there
at the time of the C/W) and 'Old Stonewall'-this would take him toward his
(#2){Station on the corned of Ft Arbuckle and 1834 Dragoon trail} this matches
the Lt  Averell ride 1861 in O.H.S. Vol 39-pg8-10
William L Cochran is buried at the Frisco cem. T2N-R7E Sec 16-(I tried 3
times, but its on line Pontotoc Co.-you've fixed enough broken links of mine?
The Collins Institute had been the Colbert school-T2N-R7E Sec 17 & 20 on W
side Bois-d-Arc Creek.
The B.L.M. Map Pontotoc Co Survey #1899 shows this-{for a new user screen
North is left side of screen}.
State: Okla.
County:Pontotoc
Township: 2 Dir.N
Range Nr. 7 Dir. E
Meridian: Indian
Survey Type: All
Surveyor: All
Search--- use 1899 Sub div map find K center left-side, Zoom-into building
Collins Institute Stonewall Sec 17&20 Bois-d-Arc Creek-search map Sec 28
crossing point Clear Boggy Creek.

A uneducated guess would that the road to his station from his -Store and Farm may
have been a Campground about at (approx. 1 1/2 miles from his farm) Byrd
Mill-(Walnut Creek-Mill Creek) J.M. Byrd build this just after the civil
war, therefore this area maybe/likely lost.
To find Byrd's Mill at Map T2N R6E Sec 11 (1899 map) Pontotoc Co -starting
point-Franks p.o.
Danny K

 
 
&&&&&&&&&&

          

New Hope School for Girls in 1855

 

 

This picture is from 1855, and shows the original New Hope School as it existed before the Civil War. The picture is courtesy of the Oklahoma Historical Society.

http://www.skullyville.com/skullhist.html#links

 


 

Search on   www.bourlandcivilwar.com

 Patricia Adkins-Rochette        03/20/2013           prochette@Juno.com    

.Reviews                       Home                         Photo of hardcover                              Book for Sale.  

Bourland in North Texas and Indian Territory During the Civil War: Fort Cobb, Fort Arbuckle & the Wichita Mountai