Bourland in North Texas and Indian Territory During the Civil War: Fort Cobb, Fort Arbuckle & the Wichita Mountains

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William Franklin "Matt" Guthrie (1846-1929)

Was he in Company D in Bourland's Regt.?   Doubtful.



Please help us better understand details of the Civil War era events described by W.F. "Matt" Guthrie.  I have tried to make sense of his 1929 article and the mercurial names of the Confederate military unit, "Morgan's Regiment".


                        This web page contains the following:


1)  A typescript of W.F. "Matt" Guthrie's 1929 article is on the right and a retype with edits is below.


2)  Questions unresolved about Guthrie's 1929 article. 


3)  An abstraction of the W.F. Guthrie's CSA pension applications plus facsimiles of  his application and her widow's application followed by his timeline and her timeline, respectively.


4)  Texas Adjutant General record, proof of 1860 Ranger service.


5 Excerpt mentioning "W.F. Guthrie" from Joseph Carroll McConnell's highly acclaimed 1939 book.


6)  Guthrie's 1929 death certificate.


7)  School House Massacre on Jul 9 or 11, 1867 in Cora on the Hamilton-Comanche county line TX: Wilbarger's 6-page narrative and Applegate's 6-page narrative (two versions).


8)  Little Salt Creek Fight on May 16, 1869 in Jack County, two versions:  W.C. Kutch's first-hand account (from Horton's History of Jack County) and Joseph Carroll McConnell's version.


9)  Selected entries from my 178-page Name Index found in:

9a) Guthrie's 1929 article   index entries


9b) members of Lt. Carson's Company D who were at the Oct. 13, 1864 Battle of Elm Creek.


9c) immediately below is my "W.F. Guthrie" entry in my 178-p Name Index.:


GUTHRIE, Wm. Franklin "Matt" Guthrie (1846 Franklin Co TN-1929 Knox Co TX, IOOF Cem) m-1872 Navarro Co TX to Mary K. Templeton (1854-1935), 3 ch; enlisted in Capt. Vontress' Co A of Darnell's 18th TX Cav., subsequently Co. A of Morgan's TX Cav. (Co D, Bourland's Regt), 280, 281, 283, 290, 301, N-180




W. F. Guthrie's CSA pension applications, abstracted


Claimant:  Guthrie, W. F. (1846-1929)

Texas Confederate Pension application on Mar 1, 1915.

Guthrie, Mary K.                       widow's pension # 45786 Knox

Guthrie, William Franklin        30424 Knox 


W.F. Guthrie's CSA service "enlisted Oct 1861 ... disbanded May 1865 at Calvert, Robertson Co TX, Comp. A, (then Comp. F.)  Morgan's Texas Cav" per No. 30424.     In 1929 W.F. Guthrie stated that he left Morgan's Regt in January 1864 -- not May 1865 -- well after his CSA pension was initiated in 1915. 




War Dept, Wash D.C., Sep 15, 1914

Hon. John H. Stephens, House of Rep.


W. F. Guthrie served in Co A in Morganís Regt that became B.D. McKieís Squad of Co F. This Guthrie served in Co F with Lt. L. T. Wheeler, W.B. Howell, Walter Howell, John D. Templeton (future father-in-law). Last muster was Sept and Oct 1863.




Affidavit of Witness: 

          "We were boys together in Franklin Co Tenn, and his people and my people all moved from Tenn to Kaufman County Texas in 1854. We were going to school together when the war broke out ó he is two years older than I am, and he joined Company "A" Morganís Texas Cavalry Regiment and Parsonís Brigade in Oct 1861 and then in 1863, month of May, that I joined the same Company and we then served until we were mustered out of service in May 1865 near Calvert, Texas.

          He was a good faithful soldier all during this. I was with him and is a good deserving man. "


S.H. Johnson,

Jan 21, 1915

John H. Cochran, County Judge

Nolan County, Texas




Regiment:  Colonel Charles Leroy Morgan's Reg't Texas Cavalry, Company A, CSA records show:  Private William F. Guthrie enlisted in Captain Ed H. Vontress' Company A, Darnell's 18th Texas Cavalry, subsequently Company A of Morgan's Texas Cavalry, Mar 26, 1862 at Dallas, Texas, detailed as Teamster as shown on Oct 31, 1863 muster, no further records.



From McConnell's book:


The following quote is from Joseph Carroll McConnell's 1939 book: The West Texas Frontier or a Descriptive History of Early Times in Western Texas, Volumes I (1933) and II (1939), as well as a second quote, albeit wrong,  reference.


Note:-Before writing this section, the author personally interviewed: F.M. (France) Peveler mentioned in this section, Henry [Clay] Williams and [Roland Jefferson] Mann Johnson, then boys about eight Years of age, and who with their mothers, hid in thick timber and cliffs, near their home. Also interviewed Walter F. Robinson, mentioned above. Walter Robinson was at Ft. Belknap when this raid was made and about nine years old at the time. Interviewed A.C. (Chess) Tackett mentioned above, W.F. Guthrie, who was one of the 15 or 16 men with Lt. [N.F] Carson when surrounded by Indians, as mentioned above; F. M. (Babe) Williams; Jno. Marlin, and many others who lived in Young and adjoining counties at the time.

Hunter's Frontier Magazine, November 1916. Also corresponded with H.G. Neathery, whose father, R.M. Neathery, numbered among Lt. Carson's rangers that were killed.


Editor's note:  This H.G. Neathery was NOT the son of R.M. Neathery.  His name was Maurice Gaston Neathery (b-1874 TX, son of Charles Smith Neathery  found in the 1880 Lamar Co TX cen, 1910, 1920, and 1930 Wilbarger Co TX census.).  

           The Robert M. Neathery, who was killed in 1864, was the Robert, b-1846 TX in the 1860 Grayson Co TX cen p143 enum with father Abner Neathery.


NEATHERY, Robert M. Neathery (1846 TX-killed Oct 13, 1864 Battle of Elm Creek, Young Co TX) 1860 Grayson Co TX cen p143 (Co D, Bourland's Regt)


In the Oct 13, 1864 Battle of Elm Creek 15 men of Bourland's Co D, commanded by 2d Lt. Nathaniel Franklin Carson of Brazos Co TX, were in a fight with Comanches and Kiowas.


Most of the men of Bourland's Co. "D" lived in the Whitesboro area near the Grayson-Cooke county line, Texas, but in the last two years of the War, commanders, upon request, sent soldiers to where they were needed (i.e., in response to complaints about Indian depredations.) which means tracking each soldier.  ... yes, tracking each soldier is essential in writing our history.


2d Lt. Carson's company of 20 men was evidently assembled by other commanders simply sending soldiers to where they were needed.




W.F. Guthrie's CSA Pension application

 W.F. "Matt' Guthrie's timeline and family


c1850 W.F. Guthrie arrived with his mother and seven siblings in the western part of Kaufman Co TX, mother died soon afterwards.


1860 Travis Co TX, January  ... Guthrie enlisted in Company A of Capt E. Burleson's (Jr.) Mounted Rangers on Jan 30, 1860 and discharged Sep 7, 1860.   (Jan, 1860-Jan, 1861 with this job title per TX Ranger Museum of Waco TX website.)  


1860 ? Hays Co TX, June.  Guthrie mustered into service in Capt. Burleson's Company A, Mounted Rangers.    Evidently, Guthrie had to wait until he turned age 14 before he could be mustered into service.   Notice that he was born in June 1846 and his 14th birthday was June 28, 1860.    Brune's Springs of Texas, College Station TX (2002) p85.


1861 Kaufman Co TX, March, enrolled in CSA; enlisted Oct 1861 in Capt Vontress' Co A of Darnell's 18th TX Cav, that later became C.L. Morgan's Cavalry, CSA.


Editor's note:  Caution.  Two soldiers named "William Franklin Guthrie" were in Company A, Darnell's 18th Cav. that became Co A of Morgan's Cav.  Maybe that's why this W.F. Guthrie was called "Matt" Guthrie.    ... Yours truly researched the other W.F. Guthrie when a direct descendant told me that I had the wrong W.F. Guthrie.  ....not the first rabbit trail I've followed.


1863, N.F. Carson in Bourland's Regt as "Lt" by Aug 31, 1863


1864 Jan....  traded from Morgan's Regt to Lt. N.F. Carson's Company B. 

Missing is documentation that shows Lt Carson's Company B being transferred to Bourland's Regt, Company D.


1865 Robertson Co TX, Calvert.... " ... disbanded May 1865 at Calvert, Robertson Co TX, Comp. A, Morgan's Texas Cav. 12th Regt. ..."   [maybe Parson's 12th Cavalry]


1867 Hamilton Co TX  near the Comanche Co TX line, July 9 or 11.  School House Massacre.   W.F. "Matt" Guthrie and Lt. N.F. Carson's company was the military unit who came to the rescue


1869 Jack Co TX, Little Salt Creek Fight, May 16.... W.F. "Matt" Guthrie was part of the cavalry who came to the rescue.


1872 Navarro Co TX.  Mary Templeton m-Wm. F. Guthrie


1920 Knox Co TX cen, p262... 134-142 Guthrey, William F.,  73 TN TN Ireland, owns home;  Marry S. Guthrey, 65 TX AL TN; William T. Guthrey, 43 TX IN TN.


1930 Knox Co TX cen, p231. ...Guthrie, Mary K. 76 TX AL TN, owns home; William L. Guthrie 54 TX TX TX.  ...  [Mary K (Templeton) Guthrie (1854-1935)].


Editor's note:   His 1929 Death Certificate states that his father was Jack Guthrey and that he was born in Nashville TN.  .....  This Wm. F. Guthrie (b-1846 TN)  may be, but doubtful, the son of the William Guthrie and Elizabeth Barnett whose family left Franklin Co TN for Kaufman Co  TX about 1850. 




Mary (Templeton) Guthrie's widow's CSA Pension application




Mary's (Templeton) Guthrie's timeline and family


1854 Navarro Co TX.  John Dekalb Templeton m-Sarah H. Petty on 15 Jun 1854.

1860 Navarro Co TX cen, p204;  J.C. Templeton 31 AL, farmer $200; S.H., 26 TN; M.K. 4 TX; M.L. 1 TX ... [Mary K (Templeton) Guthrie (1854-1935) ...1860 and 1870 census show she was born in 1856 TX].


1860 Navarro Co TX, Mortality Schedule.  TEMPLETON, Mary 54 f (w) Ten Sep Ty. Fever 14 da.   ... NOTE:  Mary (Templeton) Guthrie state her mother was Mary Templeton in the pension application.


1862  Navarro Co TX, John D. Templeton, Pvt, age 32. Enlisted March 10, 1862 in Capt. McKie's Co. F, Darnell's 18th Cav, that subsequently became Morgan's Texas Cavalry.


1867 Navarro Co TX, Templeton, John D..- Sept 16, 1867 cattle brands registration

1870 Navarro Co TX cen, p32;  J. Templeton 42 AL; M. 14 TX ....


1872 Navarro Co TX.  Mary Templeton m-Wm. F. Guthrie


1930 Knox Co TX cen, p231. ...Guthrie, Mary K. 76 TX AL TN, owns home; William L. Guthrie 54 TX TX TX.  ...  [Mary K (Templeton) Guthrie (1854-1935)].


Sarah H. Petty b-15 Apr 1832 Dickson Co TN. She married John D. Templeton on 15 Jun 1854 in Navarro Co, Texas.  ...


Sarah's parents: George Valentine Petty was born on 14 Feb 1803 in Union County, South Carolina. He died on 2 Feb 1886 in Corsicana, Navarro TX, Petty Cem.  He married Mary D. "Polly" Redden on 23 Oct 1823 in Tennessee. ....Mary D. Redden-Polly" was born on 28 May 1808 in Tennessee. She died on 14 Sep 1900 in Navarro Co TX, Petty Cem. She married George Valentine Petty on 23 Oct 1823 in Tennessee.   Issue, 11 ch: John Thomas Petty;  Lucy Jane Petty; Keziah Petty; James Redden Petty; Sarah H. Petty; Nancy H. Petty; Elizabeth E. Petty; Mary Louise Petty; George Wiley Petty; Eliza L. Petty; Jasper Sevier Petty.


child 9 of 11) George Wiley Petty, born on 14 Dec 1842 Humphreys Co TN. He died on 28 Dec 1861 in Navarro Co TX, Petty Cem in Corsicana






Reminiscences of a Texas Ranger

Service on the Texas Frontier


W. F. "Matt" Guthrie


Retype with edits of "Reminiscences of a Texas Ranger," by W.F. "Matt" Guthrie at age 83. William Franklin "Matt" Guthrie (1846-1929) who served in Company A of Darnell's TX 18th Cavalry that became Company A of Morgan's TX Cavalry.


Kind reader, in this little booklet I will give you some unwritten history which has not been recorded, and shall give you the facts. Not fiction ó facts! Some of which can be verified, in regard to the movements of the ranger forces and different companies by records on file in the Adjutant Generalís office or in the archivistís department, some by a few old ex-rangers and old settlers who were on the stage of action in 1859-60-64-65 and to 1876 inclusive, and who played a part in this great drama.


It has been said that sixty years is a long time to remember dates, names and places, but some of these events are so indelibly stamped in my mind that they will be until death.


I was born in Franklin county, Tennessee, near Nashville, June 28, 1846. Came to Texas in 1850 with my mother, sister and six brothers. My father died two years before we left for Texas, mother having died soon after our arrival in the west part of Kaufman county. I had at that time an uncle living who had come to Texas in 1840, and who, having no children of is own, told my older brothers and sisters that if they would let him adopt me, he would give me a good English education and when I was twenty-one years of age, he would set me up in business. So he had me legally bound to him. He owned a lot of long horn cattle and Spanish horses. The education I received was three months during the dead of winter. The way he set me up in business was on the back of a pony and kept me running after cattle and horses, held a tight reign over me and would not allow me to go to horse races, dances, or shooting matches.  He kept me going until about the 28th of December, 1859, when he sent me to Waco to deliver some land papers to Judge J.M. Terrell [maybe A.W. Terrell]. That morning as I rode westward and topped the hill I looked back north at the old ranch house, the little farm, the corrals, raised my hat and said "Good-bye, my dear uncle, for I am a long-time gone," and the evening of the second day at about nine-thirty, I rode into Waco. It seemed that everyone had retired for the night. I finally found a wagon yard and aroused the sleepy-headed Negro, who asked me what I wanted at that time of night. I told him to water and feed my horse. He said there is lots of water but there is only a half bale of hay. I took the hay and fed my horse and went to the hotel and went to bed.


The next morning I got up at daylight, went to the feed store and bought a peck of corn, fed my horse, saddled up and hit the road for San Marcos [Hays County], then to Austin, where I enlisted in Captain Ed Burleson's Company A, Mounted Rangers. This company was made up in San Antonio, Austin, and San Marcos in January 1860. The first service that I rendered in this company was in June, 1860.  Burleson ordered First Lieutenant J.E. McCord to take twenty five men with light packs and go to the Rio Grande River above the Big Bend and reinforce Captain [J.S.] Ford, who was having a hard time trying to keep the Mexican bandits on the other side of the river. Captain Ford told Lt. McCord to scout up the river and kill every damned "greaser" he caught up with. The third day out our scout reported a band of Mexicans at Willow Springs [Brewster Co TX].   McCord told us to unsaddle and rest. Just before day light, we surrounded them with orders to take no prisoners. There were twenty-eight killed and ten or twelve surrendered, who were later lined up and shot. We captured forty head of horses and some arms and ammunition. We scouted up and down the River for about thirty-eight days, away back from [Panther] Junction City [?Brewster Co TX] on the big Saline River. We had a running fight with about twenty-five or thirty Indians in which we killed three Indians and captured about seventeen ponies, after which they scattered to the mountains.


I returned to Kaufman county in March, 1861 and enlisted in [C.L.] Morganís Regiment, Texas Cavalry, and served in that regiment until January, 1864. At that time conditions in Texas were deplorable. The star of hope for the Confederacy has almost set. The State treasury was depleted and a reign of terror existed all over the state. Every able bodied man from 18 to 45 was in the army or in small companies of Home Guards to repel the invasion of Federal troops. The old men and boys were left to man the ranches and care for the widows and children. The Mexican bandits, the Indians, robbers, and cow thieves, knowing the condition of the state, had turned themselves loose along the Rio Grande River from old Fort Brown [Cameron County] 300 miles up the river.  Old [J.N.] Cortina's band of cut-throat greasers would cross the river, burn the ranches and sometimes kill the men and plunder and appropriate such goods and chattels as suited their fancies, then round up a bunch of horses and run them across the river.


In the northern division of the Red River district, the Comanche and Kiowa Indians would steal and burn the homes of the settlers and have a trail of desolation on down into the counties of Comanche, Hamilton, and Coryell, the settlers being unable to cope with them for they were poorly armed. Things got so bad that Governor Pendleton Murrah called Adjutant General [D.B] Culberson to his office and said that something must be done to protect the lives and property of the people. The General told him that he had every available man in the service of the state that could be armed and mounted. The Governor told him to send a courier to headquarters of Lieutenant James Carson and ordered him to turn over his command to his first lieutenant and report to the Governor for orders. The Governor told Carson that he had a very important duty for him to perform and he knew that he was the best qualified man available to perform this duty.


Lt. Carson was reared in the Southwest part of Lampasas county on a ranch.  He learned early to ride, trail, scout and fight Indians. The Governor told him to make the ride to Pine Bluff [Jefferson County], Arkansas and make requisition to Col. Morgan for thirty men. The officers talked the matter over and decided to send him fifteen men, as they were expecting [Union] General [N.P.] Banks to make his march up Red River. These fifteen men and three pack-mules were placed in charge of Lt. Carson and he was ordered to make his way to Old Fort Chadbourne on Oak Creek, now in Coke county, and report for duty. We arrived there, and the first order was to arrange this squadron into a company. Carson lined the men up, read the order and told them they were to see some of the hardest service that they had ever experienced. That he would serve as lieutenant commander, but not as captain, as he had nothing to do with making up the company. A second lieutenant, a sergeant and a corporal were elected by the men and Carson appointed me as adjutant and general roust-about. So Carsonís Company B, Mounted Rangers came into existence.  Carson made a roll of the company and wrote a note to Adj-Gen. Culberson and asked further orders. As I was the lightest rider, Carson ordered me to deliver the roll to Culberson, who ordered Carson to Paint Rock [Concho County] and to establish quarters there. Four or five days after our arrival there one Col. [J.] Burk arrived with a four-horse wagon, a cook and a half-breed Mexican scout. He issued the company repeating rifles and Colt 45 pistols. The scout was to work with us. We were then assigned to the northern district of the Red River division.


Now that we were ready for action, let us turn our attention to the Rio Grande River and see what companies were stationed along the 300 miles of the river front to repel the invasion of the Mexican bandits. There was the Indianola [__?Calhoun County] company of 15 men, Capt. Ford's company of 125 men, Capt. [W.G.] Tobinís company of 115 men, Capt. [J.L.] Walkerís company of 75 men, Lieut. [W.] Ballentyne's company of 75 men and Jim Carson with 75 men.


Now we will review the Red River District. At that time, there was a Capt. James Bourlandís 90 men, Capt. [J.M.] Watsonís 50 men, John Scanlandís 16 men, besides a few independent companies to defend the Red River front.


In September Ď64, the Indian raids had become so frequent in Bosque, Hamilton and other counties that Carson was ordered to their relief. We were then in camp at Elm Springs. Carson then received orders to operate in the north. We then headed for Buffalo Gap and camped there one day and night, then to Mulberry Canyon, then to Twin Mountains, in the west part of Hamilton county. I will now give an incident of these raids. There was a little school house on Gholson Creek, a lady teacher [Ann Whitney] and 12 or 15 scholars. At about ten oíclock one morning [Jul 9,11, 1867] a rider galloped up and told the teacher that the Indians were headed that way and to herd the children into the school house, and that he would go for help. He circled around and went to the ranch of Sol Barren. There was Uncle Billy Massingill, J.G. Barbee [bro-in-law to Lt. N.F. Carson], Sam Gentry, H.F. ĎGusí Hoover, Mr. Long and three others whose names I canít recall who went to the rescue.  When they [implies Guthrie was not there] arrived at the scene of action, they found the teacher and all the children killed and scalped except five, who had ran out the door and hid under a drift in the creek. This so aroused the citizens that they swore vengeance against the Indians, and organized several companies. They struck the trail of the Indians that led north and surrounded them at Resley's Creek, and killed five of them. In this fight, Uncle Billy  Massingill was shot in the shoulder.


We had running fights with the Indians at different times and places in these counties up until July, but I donít remember the exact dates. We had followed 15 or 16 Indians to near Indian Gap [Hamilton County]. We were crowding them until when within a mile of the gap, it seemed that the pass was working alive with Indians. We halted and Carson said, "Men, itís fight or run."  I was to the right 50 or 60 yards and saw to the southwest a small clump of live oaks with large boulders. I hollered to Carson and moved my hat toward this spot, and he shouted to the boys to follow. We dismounted and, sheltered behind the rocks, prepared for action, which soon took place, for we were surrounded by seventy-five or one hundred Indians yelling like demons. They circled around and around us, each time coming nearer. We let them get within about 300 yards of us when we gave them 75 rounds. Seven or eight threw up their hands and tumbled from their horses. About 15 ponies were killed. This seemed to be a surprise to them, they thinking they were out of range. They then drew off and held a pow-wow, but hung around us until sunset. About dark we heard the Indians giving the signal to draw off. We could hear the tramp of their horses going through the pass.


We then mounted our horses and made our way to the Barren Ranch. We rested there a day and night and went on to Old Cora in Comanche County. We next read orders to move on to Walnut Springs in Bosque County. There being an abundance of water and the ground covered with grass from knee to waist high. Carson said we would make that headquarters until we received further orders. It was then October 4, 1864.


There were two hard-fought battles with the Indians in 1864. [The following event happened May 16, 1869.]  The first was the Salt Creek Fight [ten miles northwest of Fort Belknap, Jack County], were 12 men under the leadership of [W.C] Bill Kutch, who fought about 50 Indians from about 9:00 a.m. until sunset. The two [George and John] Lemley boys and [Shap] Carter, Bill Crow were killed and almost all of the others were slightly wounded. Uncle Billy Kutch, in his 92nd year [1833-1925], died two years ago at Amarillo, Texas.


In October, 1864 one thousand Comanche and other Indians had appeared in the county. Most of the families had been warned of the danger and had gone to the Bragg ranch for protection, there being a very large block house there. The Indiansí killing three or four families and taking Negro Brittís [Johnsonís] family into captivity. The men inside with their guns were making it hot for the red skins through the port holes. Carsonís Company of 15 men had struck the trail of a band of Comanche Indians northwest of Walnut Springs [one Walnut Springs in Clay County]. The Indians were headed north. They had gone to the Johnson Ranch, which was located at Johnsonís Peak. They had killed old man Johnson [sic, Joel Myers], his wife, scalped three cowboys, burned the ranch house and rounded up 25 head of horses and turned northeast. We followed them to the crossing on Pease River in Wilbarger County, and we learned there that 15 Minute Men were hot on their trail. Our horses being jades, we turned back and camped that night on a creek near where the town of Vernon now stands. The next morning we were making our way to Old Fort Belknap in Young County and, unaware of danger, we had crossed Elm Creek, watered our horses and filled our canteens, and had gone east seven or eight miles when we found ourselves completely surrounded by 300 or 400 Indians. Carson told us there was just one thing to do, and that was to fight our way out. Five of the Rangers were killed. After we got clear of the Indians we went by the McCoy Ranch and took his wife and daughter, and a Negro girl to safety at Old Fort Murrah on the North bank of the Brazos River. These five Rangers now lie buried there. After resting two or three days, we made our way back to our old quarters at Paint Rock.


After the Company was recruited, up to 16 men, we were ordered to the Devilís River [Val Verde County] country to chase Mexican bandits, cattle thieves, deserters, and other bad men. In May 1865, this company was ordered to Georgetown [Williamson County] and mustered out [of the CSA, but evidently resumed his Texas Ranger service until after May 1869].


Matt Guthrie, Age 83  (1929 death certificate) 

Post Office address, Knox City, Texas





Questions unresolved in Guthrie's 1929 article.


1)  Who was this "Mr. Long" of the Cora area near the Comanche-Hamilton county line?  Is he in the 1860 or 1870 census?


2)  Who was Col. Burk?    Maybe the Capt. Jonathan Burk, b-1831 TN; m-Mary F.; 1860 Johnson Co TX cen p472; Darnell's TX 18th Cav, Co A, Capt (Lt, Johnson Co, TST)  .. . most of men of Co A of the 18th Cav were recruited from Johnson Co TX.


3)  Notice the highlighted statement: "[S]o Carsonís Company B, Mounted Rangers came into existence."    If they were paid, there should be a record. 


4) Where was Willow Springs?  county?  one was in "Brewster County TX, 'Willow Springs is 14 kilometers east of Panther Junction. (ref: General Land Office 1887 Map of Foley, Buchel, and Brewster counties and on Spaight's 1882 Official map of Texas.) Apparently they were important to early travelers in the area'." per SPRINGS OF TEXAS by Brune, p85.


5)  When and where was the fight described in this:  "There were twenty-eight killed and ten or twelve surrendered, who were later lined up and shot."   Your editor has the book Cortina, Defending the Mexican Name in Texas by Jerry D. Thompson, but it addresses only the Brownsville TX area, not Brewster Co TX 


6) Carson question Two Carsons at issue.  James R. Carson and Nathan F. Carson, brothers.


Lt. N.F. Carson in Bourland's Regt as "Lt" by Aug 31, 1863


7a) James R. Carson served in Carter's 21st Cav, Co I, recruited primarily from Brazos Co TX where these Carsons lived; siblings lived in Leon and later Hamilton Co TX. James R. Carson's family stated that he requested to be in Waul's Legion, so it sounds as though he was an enthusiastic soldier. James' older brother, Nathaniel Franklin Carson was patrolling as a "Lt," in Bourland's Regt. before Aug 31, 1863. Some had been patrolling the Frontier since February 1863.


7b) Ed Burleson, captain; J.E. McCord, first lieutenant; Joseph Carson, second lieutenant: J.G. Barbee, surgeon; 75 men; mustered in, between January 1 and June 1, 1860; mustered out, September 7, 1860. .... CLAIM OF STATE OF TEXAS FOR DEFENSE OF THE FRONTIER 9 ....



7b) "[I]n January, 1860, a company of rangers was organized at San Marcos at the behest of Gov. Sam Houston, its officers being Capt. Ed. Burleson, first lieutenant J.E. McCord, second lieutenant Joe Carson [James R. Carson], Ed Burleson, captain; J. E. McCord, first lieutenant;
. ...."  per "J.E. McCord" in B.B. Paddock's History and Bio Record of North and West Texas (Lewis Pub, 1906), v Ipp129f.


KEY is the John Gaston Barbee (1832-1921), who was bro-in-law to James R. Carson (1826-1880) and Nathaniel Franklin Carson (1813-1886).






Entries re: Guthrie's 1929 article from my 178-page Name Index; most are mentioned multiple times ... yes, my book puts these people and events in context.


BALENTYNE,  Wm. Balentyne (Sgt, Co B, McCord's 2d Frontier Dist, TST), 285, A-304


BANKS, Nathaniel Prentiss Banks (General, Union)


BARBEE,  John Gaston Barbee (1832 TN-1921 Hildago Co TX, Barbee Cem, Hamilton Co TX) m,1-Amelia Carson; m,2-Olivia R. Stovall; 1860 Leon cen p252; McCord's Mtd Rangers Jan 1860-Dec 1860; Gurley's 30th Cav, Co G (in 1864 was Asst. Surgeon, McCord's 2d Frontier Dist, TST), 285, A-304   ..... J.G. Barbee was bro-in-law to Nathaniel Franklin Carson.  This statement is the best proof I have that W.F. "Matt" Guthrie was with Lt. Carson at the Oct 1864 Battle of Elm Creek.


BARREN,  Solomon "Sol" Barren, b-1826 AL; m-Frances L; 1860 Hamilton cen p330; 2d TX Infantry, Co C, 285


BURKE, Jonathan Burk, b-1831 TN; m-Mary F.; 1860 Johnson Co TX cen p472; Darnell's 18th Cav, Co A, Capt (Lt, Johnson Co, TST), A-230


BURLESON,  Edward Burleson Jr.(1826 Tipton Co TN-1877 Travis Co TX) m-Emma Kyle; 1860 Hays Co TX cen p11; H.E. McCulloch's 1st Cav, CSA (Capt, 1st Regt Mtd Riflemen, TST from Jan 1860-Jan 1861)


CARSON, James R. Carson, b-1826 AL; m-Jane G. Cameron; 1860 Brazos cen p82; bro. to Lt. Nathan Franklin Carson; served in Capt G.P. Mattison's TST of Leon Co TX; Carter's TX 21st Cav, Co I, only one card, May 25, 1865 in Millican, Brazos Co TX; Interesting that he was an adult in the 1860 Brazos Co TX cen, then served in a Leon Co TX militia then enlisted in Co I of the 21st which was recruited from Brazos Co TX   ...  his family stated that he requested to be in Waul's Legion, so it sounds as though he was an enthusiastic soldier; siblings lived in Leon and later Hamilton Co TX. 285


CARTER,  Shapeley Prince Carter, son of Chris L. and Ann ( Ross) Carter, lived on the Palo Pinto-Young county line; killed in May 16, 1869 Little Salt Creek Fight (Lt, Palo Pin Co, TST)


CULBERSON,  David Browning Culberson, b-1894 SC; m-L.W.; 1860 Harrison cen p520 (Adjutant-Gen, TST)


CORTINA,  Juan Nepomuceno Cortina (1824-1892) who saw a marshal in Brownsville TX beating a Mexican farmhand in Jul 1859, ordered the marshal to stop (who refused) and shot the marshal in the shoulder; this led to the Cortina War, 285


FORD,  John Salmon "Rip" Ford (1815 Greenville Dist SC-1897 Bexar Co TX) m-Adeline; 1870 Cameron cen p139 (Brig-Gen, TX Rangers, TST)


GENTRY,  Sam Gentry, no Sam but several Gentrys on p449 of 1870 Hamilton cen, 281 ..... maybe Sam was a nickname.  Need name?


GUTHRIE,  Wm. Franklin "Matt" Guthrie (1846 Franklin Co TN-1929 Knox Co TX, IOOF Cem) m-1872 Navarro Co TX to Mary K. Templeton (1854-1935), 3 ch; enlisted in Capt. Vontress' Co A of Darnell's 18th TX Cav., subsequently Co. A of Morgan's TX Cav. (Co D, Bourland's Regt), 280, 281, 283, 290, 301, N-180


HOOVER,  H. F. "Gus" Hoover, b-1819 NC; m-Mary A.; 1860 Comanche cen p254, P.O. Cora, 285


JOHNSON,  Britt Johnson, (c1840-1871), a Negro; m-Mary, a white, 7 ch; after Oct 1864 he moved to Veal's Station, 9 miles South of Weatherford, Parker Co TX (1864 Young Co TX)


LEMLEY, George W. Lemley, b-1834 IL; m-Lucinda; 1860 Palo Pinto cen p343 (Palo Pinto & Young Co's, TST)


LEMLEY, John Lemley, b-1814 NC; m-Sarah; 1860 Palo Pinto cen p343; killed in May 16, 1869 Little Salt Creek Fight, Jack Co TX


KUTCH, Wm. Columbus "Bill" Kutch (1833-1925 Jack Co TX, Oak Glenn/ Haskell Ranch Cem) m-Narcissa (Lt, Jack Co, TST),


MASSINGILL, Wm. H. "Billy" Massingale, b-1850 TX; m-Amanda J. Howard; 1870 Comanche cen p178.   


McCORD, James Ebenezer McCord (1834 Abbeyville Dist, SC-1914 Coleman Co TX) m-Sarah Eliz Mooney (Col, 2d Frontier Dist Regt, TST)


MORGAN, Charles Leroy Morgan (1840 Bastrop Co TX-1924 Runnels Co TX), a Lt in the 8th TX Cav,  known as Terry's TX Rangers, CSA, until Dec1861. When Darnell's 18th TX Cav organized in spring 1862, he enlisted in his bro's, Hiram S. Morgan's Co B and was eventually elected Major.  Darnell's 18th TX Cav. was among those CSA units captured at Arkansas Post in Jan 1863, but Morgan was not with Darnell's 18th TX Cav.  By Sep 1862 he had command of an independent squadron of around 150 men that grew into a regiment, which was attached to Parsons' 12th TX Cav. Brig.; Morgan's Regt served AR, MO, and LA    ... .. save the requisitioned "30 men", i.e., some men were transferred to Lt. N.F. Carson.  per Guthrie's 1929 article.


Editor's note:  Morgan's Battn consisted of  two Co. A's, one Co. B, one Co. C, two Co. D's, three Co. E's, two Co. F's, two Co. G's, one Co. H, one Co. I, and one Co. K.  These men were from units of the 15th, 17th, and 18th designations and some men ended up with other military units.


MURRAH, Pendleton Murrah, (TX Governor, 1863-1865)

SCANLAND,  John J. Scanland, b-1840 TN; m-Henrietta; 1870 Cooke cen p256; Scanland's Squad, Co A, Wells' Battn (Capt, Cooke Co, TST)


TERRELL, Alexander Watkins Terrell (1827 Patrick Co VA-1912 Travis Co TX) m-A.E.; 1860 Travis cen p266; he also commanded 1st Arizona Brigade, 32d Cav, 34th Cav, 36th Cav, and Likens' Cav (Col, 37th Cav, CSA)   


Editor's note:  By "Judge J.M. Terrell in Waco," I think Guthrie meant Judge A.W. Terrell of Austin TX.   Neither of the two Terrells found in the 1860 McLennan Co TX census were lawyers.   In 1857 A.W. Terrell was elected judge of the 2nd District and the judges had to travel to various venues, such as Waco, McLennan Co TX.  Also, the judges' schedules were published in the newspapers.


TOBIN, William Gerard Tobin, b-1833 SC; William Gerard (1833 SC-1884 Bexa Co TX, City Cem) m-Josephine Smith; 1860 Bexa cen p387, occupation, Brig-General in Regular Rangers; (1st TX Cav, Co D, Capt; 2d TX Cav, Co F, Capt, CSA), 285 .....  his brother Dan J. Tobin, who probably accompanied him, was also a Ranger was a Lt in Ragsdale's Battn Cav, Co A, Lt (Lt, Collin Co, TST), 285


WALKER, James Gary Walker (1835 Jackson Co AL-killed Oct 13, 1864 Battle of Elm Creek, Young Co TX) m-1856 Brazos Co TX to Ellen B. Smiley, 3 ch; Ellen m,2-George Hempflin; 1860 Brazos Co TX cen p92, Boonville; 1870 Brazos cen p66; enrolled Jun 1861 in Capt J.C. Benthall's Oakland Guards, Reserves, Colorado Co TX; Ragsdale's 1st Cav, Co B, Arizona Brigade, transferred May 1863 to (Bonham TX) Northern Sub-Dist of TX, CSA (Co D, Bourland's Regt)


Editor's note:  Tobin hint.  This may explain why James Gary Walker of Ragsdale's Regt was transferred to Lt. N.F. Carson's company.   ...  Major. A.H. Davidson of Col. Samuel G. Ragsdale's TX Cav was transferred May 30, 1863 to the Northern Sub-Dist. in Bonham.    See Ragsdale about 1/3 down the page on:


Also, A.H. Davidson was in a Colorado Co TST, as was J.G. Walker.  The Oakland Guards also had J.G. Walker's relatives: Middleton, Arnold and Townsend.


WALKER, Joseph J. Walker, b-1827 OH; m-Ann; 1860 Travis cen p291 (H.E. McCulloch's 1st TX Cav, Co A) ...   or ....James L. Walker, b-1825 NC; m-Mary E.; 1860 Colorado cen p133 (Lt, Co E, McCord's 2d Frontier Dist, TST), may be the J.L. Walker of Ragsdale's TX Cav, Co B, 285


WATSON, John M. Watson, b-1816 TN; m-Amanda P.; 1860 Hunt cen p292; Becknell's Mtd Vols of 1836 (Capt, Hunt Co, TST), 285


WHITNEY, Ann, one Orlando Whitney (b-1792 MA) and family  in 1860 Comanche Co TX cen p257, P.O. Cora, who had a dau named Elizabeth Ann Whitney, b-1839 MA, probably "Ann Whitney, schoolteacher", 285






2d Lt. N.F. Carson's Company D


Editor's note:  2nd-Lt. N.F. Carson wrote a letter Oct 16, 1864 that stated:  "... W.D. Fields and Sim Jones charged two Indians and cut them off from their horses, and judging from their maneuvers there were more Indians near. S. Jones came two miles to camp to get assistance.  I took fourteen men and started in pursuit, leaving six men in camp. ... "   per ORsIv41/1[S#83]p886


BLUE, Erastus Blue (1834 TX-killed Oct 13, 1864 Battle of Elm Creek, Young Co TX) m-Eliz Jane Bunch (m,2-John L. Jones); 1860 Cooke cen p253 (Co D, Bourland's Regt)


BRYSON, Samuel Winston Bryson, Brison (1819 NC-c1909 Rusk Co TX, Pinehill Cem) m-Sarah Caroline Moore; 1860 Grayson cen p213; 1870 Panola cen p308; During the Oct 13, 1864 Battle of Elm Creek, his mare was shot but carried him to safety before falling; he mourned the rest of his life for that mare (Co D, Bourland's Regt)


BUCKINGHAM, J.H. Buckingham, b-1826 PA; 1860 Cooke cen p244; During the Oct 13, 1864 Battle of Elm Creek, he was thrown from his horse, but made his escape to Fort Murrah, Throckmorton Co TX (Co D, Bourland's Regt)


CARSON, Nathaniel Franklin Carson (1813 Abbeville Co SC-1886 Comanche Co TX) m-1842 AL to Amanda Roe Curtis; 1860 Brazos Co TX cen p82; by Aug 31, 1863 Nathan was a 2d Lt in Bourland's Company (2d Lt, Co D, Bourland's Regt)   .... see Carson question ....


FIELDs, FIELD, Wm. D. Fields, b-1834 KY; m-Lucy A.; 1860 Grayson Co TX cen p 11th Cav, Co C (Co D, Bourland's Regt) 11th TX Cav, Co C (Co D, Bourland's Regt)


GUTHRIE, Wm. Franklin "Matt" Guthrie (1846 Franklin Co TN-1929 Knox Co TX, IOOF Cem) m-1872 Navarro Co TX to Mary K. Templeton (1854-1935), 3 ch; enlisted Jan 1860, mustered Jun 1860 in Burleson's Mtd Rangers; enlisted in Capt. Vontress' Co A of Darnell's 18th TX Cav., subsequently became Co. A of Morgan's TX Cav. (Co D, Bourland's Regt), 280, 281, 283, 290, 301, N-180


JONES, Sim, Sims, Simms Jones, killed Oct 13, 1864 Battle of Elm Creek; one Sims S. Jones b-1855 TN on p148 of 1900 Fann cen, dau Ruth Jones (1883-1941 Fann Co TX) not this "Sgt. Sims Jones", but may be closely related (Sgt, Co D, Bourland's Regt)


Editor's note:  Please help identify this "Sgt. Sim Jones."


McGUIRE (referenced as Henry McGuire by Lt. Carson), Berry McGuire (Mar 31, 1848 TN-1921 Erath Co TX, Liberty Cem), son of Henry (James Henry McGuire); m-1872 McLennan Co TX to Nancy Caroline Dunman, Dunn (1855 TN-1921), dau of M.E. Crawford and Wm. Dunman; 1880 Palo Pinto cen p176; 1900 Erath cen p272; During the Oct 13, 1864 Battle of Elm Creek, his horse was wounded (Co D, Bourland's Regt) 


NEATHERY, Robert M. Neathery (1846 TX-killed Oct 13, 1864 Battle of Elm Creek, Young Co TX) 1860 Grayson Co TX  cen 143, enum w/ Abner Neathery (Co D, Bourland's Regt)


SNODGRASS, Henry, Isaac Henry Snodgrass (1845 Jackson Co MO-killed Oct 13, 1864 Battle of Elm Creek, Young Co TX) 1860 Jackson Co MO cen p166; 6th child of Lucy Ann Baker and Bartley Snodgrass (1797 Botetourt Co VA-1881 Jackson Co MO) Henry mustered Nov 1862 into Capt. Mains' Montague County militia (Co D, Bourland's Regt)


WALKER, James Gary Walker (1835 Jackson Co AL-killed Oct 13, 1864 Battle Elm Creek, Young Co TX) m-1856 Brazos Co TX to Ellen B. Smiley, 3 ch; Ellen m,2-George Hempflin; 1860 Brazos Co TX cen p92, Boonville; 1870 Brazos cen p66; enrolled Jun 1861 in Capt J.C. Benthall's Oakland Guards, Reserves, Colorado Co TST; Ragsdale's 1st Cav, Co B, Arizona Brigade, transferred May 1863 to Northern Sub-Dist of TX, CSA (Co D, Bourland's Regt)


Editor's note:  [Former Major] Spruce McCoy Baird was in Ragsdale's Cav. when it was transferred to the Northern Sub-Dist. in Bonham TX; records shows that from Sep 1864 until Dec 1864 he was listed as a private in Bourland's Regt.  He probably brought James Gary Walker, and others, with him.


WALLS, J. Wallis, should be John E.S. Walls, b-1825 OH; m-Sarah; 1860 Hunt cen p351; during the Elm Creek Raid, his horse was wounded (Co D, Bourland's Regt)


WIMBERLY, George Wimberly, b-1846 KY; 1860 Grayson cen p142; During the Oct 13, 1864 Battle of Elm Creek, his horse was wounded (Co D, Bourland's Regt)





Burleson document







of Guthrie's 

1929 article



page 1 of 3 "Reminiscences of a Texas Ranger," by W.F. "Matt" Guthrie, age 83.



page 2 of 3 "Reminiscences of a Texas Ranger," by W.F. "Matt" Guthrie, age 83.



page 3 of 3 "Reminiscences of a Texas Ranger," by W.F. "Matt" Guthrie, age 83.





Adjutant General



1860 record




McCord, James
Organization: Regular Rangers
Call Number:





Death certificate




W.F. Guthrie's 1929 Death certificate


Name: W.F. Guthrey
Death date: 26 May 1929
Death place: Knox City, Knox, Texas
Gender: Male
Race or color: White
Age at death: 83 years 11 months 27 days

29 Jun 1845
Birthplace: Nashville, Tennessee
Marital status: Married
Father's name: Jack Guthrey
Occupation: Retired Farmer
Cemetery name:
Burial place: Knox City, Tex
Burial date: 26 May 1929
His father is

Jack Guthrie.
Informant is:

Ellis O. Warren (1930 Knox cen, b-1877 TX

Signed by. R.L. Gray of O'Brien, Haskell Co TX




Guthery, Gurtire,


Guttery, Gutterey, Guttry, Guthries, Gutrie





School House Massacre



Wilbarger pp472-478
















School House Massacre







School House Massacre



C. Applegate

2  versions


6 pages



page 1 of 6



page 2 of 6



page 3 of 6



page 4 of 6



page 5 of 6



page 6 of 6



School House Massacre


C. Applegate




Little Salt Creek Fight


2 versions



page 1 of 4



page 2 of 4



page 3 of 4



page 4 of 4



Little Salt

Creek Fight








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Patricia Adkins-Rochette        03/20/2013     

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Bourland in North Texas and Indian Territory During the Civil War: Fort Cobb, Fort Arbuckle & the Wichita Mountains