Bourland in North Texas and Indian Territory During the Civil War: Fort Cobb, Fort Arbuckle & the Wichita Mountains

by Patricia Adkins-Rochette

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Blair - Criswell - Gray


My direct ancestor is child number 3. Frances Elzada Blair


Marriage of Frank H. Blair and Eliza Criswell on Mar 3, 1858 in AR

Francis Harvey Blair, Frank Blair, b. June 19, 1832 in Cape Girardeau Co MO to Sarah ( ? Gray, Grey) and William Blair of Lawrence Co AR. Frank Blair had 3 granddaughters with "Grey, Gray" as a middle name.  He was a saddlemaker, gunsmith, wagonwright, and a carpenter. He built the first business building in Mineral Wells, Palo Pinto Co., TX plus he owned a saddleshop next door to the courthouse. Frank died Nov 22, 1883 in Mineral Wells, TX, Beetham Funeral. Home.  Grounds connects to this Blair family.  (See Blair DNA Project.)

Eliza A. Criswell, b-Franklin twp, Izard Co AR on Oct 22, 1835 to Davis S. Criswell [b. in SC] and Morning (? Estrabrook) [b. Montgomery Co TN]. Eliza d-Jackson Co OK in Mar 1920; b. s/s dau Matilda Lee Hall in Eldorado Cem, Jackson Co OK.

1. Sarah W. "Sally" Blair (1859-May 31, 1937, Parker Co TX), m. Jim Blackman


2. Matilda Lee Blair (1860-Dec 4, 1942, Jackson Co OK), m. Jefferson D. Hall


**3. Frances Elzada Blair (1863-Aug 18, 1936 McClain  Co OK)  m. Geo Theodore Adkins


4. John Blair (1864-1869) single


5. William Blair (1865-1867) single


6. Ida Virginia Blair (1870-Aug 28, 1967, Jackson Co OK), m. Marshall Thorp


7. Laura A. "Annie" Blair (b-1875), m. __ Scott


1. Sarah W. "Sally" Blair, m. Palo Pinto Co, Dec 28, 1882 to James F. "Jim" Blackman [1856 LA-aft 1937]. one Blackman fam came to Palo Pinto Co came in 1885-6 from Vaiden/ Blackmonton, Carroll Co MS. J.W. Blackman perf marr cere, Book 1-39. Jim was a Baptist a min in Weatherford, Parker Co and Santo, Palo Pinto Co. Sarah was a member of the First Baptist Ch of Piester, Parker Co TX. Sally was prob b. in Spring Creek Cem, Parker Co TX.  Issue, 2 ch: Essie Mae, m.__ Luekie Ludecke and Ila Floy Blackman of Philadelphia, PA.   maybe  Essie M. Leuty 20, 1910 Dallas Co TX cen p201


Editor's note: Your editor  has a letter written by Jim Blackman re: his wife's death. On outside of envelop are references to these children as written. (? Wally and ?___Esther (F. Blair Thorp remembered Wally and ? Doris.)

2. Matilda Lee Blair, m. Jefferson Davis Hall [June 9, 1863-Jan 22, 1954]; Both b. in the Eldorado Cem, Jackson Co OK s/s Eliza Criswell Blair.   Issue, none.

**3. Frances Elzada Blair, m. in Fortune Bend Comm, Palo Pinto Co, TX on Jan 8, 1884 to George Theodore "G.T." Adkins [1861 Fleming Co KY-1925 Garvin Co OK], son of Spencer Adkins [1832 Pike Co KY-1914 Palo Pinto Co] and Eliza C Littleton [1840 Fleming Co KY-1918 Comanche Co OK]. Fannie b. Green Hill Cem, Lindsay, Garvin Co OK. Member of Methodist Church for 40 years. Issue, 9 ch: Leslie Marcus, Buelah, Frank Spencer Adkins, Ruby, twins: Ed and Edna Gray, twins: **Arthur Clyde, m. Katie Matilda Wilson; twin Mammie Belle, and Ida George.

 Editor's note:   Eliza A Criswell, m. prob Parker Co TX on Mar 3, 1858 to Frank Harvey Blair [1832 MO, prob Franklin Co-1883 Palo Pinto Co TX],  son of Sarah __[1797 KY, prob Harrison Co-c1880 Palo Pinto Co, maiden name is prob Gray, may be bro to Isaac Gray that m. Elvira Bridgeman 1846 Jackson Co AR] and William Blair [1790/1800 prob KY-1840/7 Lawrence/Fulton Co AR].    Issue, 7 ch:  Sarah W "Sallie," 1859 Palo Pinto Co-1937 Parker Co and m. James F "Jim" Blackman; Matilda Lee, 1860 Palo Pinto Co-1942  Jackson Co OK and m. Jeff Davis Hall; **Frances Elzada "Fannie" Blair, 1863 Parker Co-1936 Garvin Co OK and m-Geo Theodore  Adkins; John, c1864 Parker Co-c1869 Palo Pinto Co single; Wm, 1865 Parker Co-1867 Parker Co single; Ida Virginia, 1870-1967 Jackson Co OK and m. Richard Marshall Thorp; Laura A "Annie," 1875-__ and m. __ Scott.

6. Ida Virginia Blair, m. in Quannah, Hardeman Co TX, May 12, 1894 to Richard Marshall Thorp [b. in Saline Co, MO in 1869], son of Thomas J. Thorp and Mary Marshall [came from Marshall Co, MO to Jackson Co, OK in 1891]. Ida was a school teacher. Richard was farmer/druggist/banker. Both b. Altus Cem, Jackson Co, OK. Issue, 3 ch: Ruby, Faye, and Frank Blair. (Ruby's dau, Virginia Miller Pennington, of Tulsa, has the leaflets from the Frank Harvey Blair and Eliza A. Criswell Blair Family Bible.)

7. Laura A. "Annie" Blair, m.__ Scott. Fireman on railroad. Issue, 2 ch.: Wally and Doris Scott. When she left her husband, she and her 2 children lived a short time with Ida Blair and husband R. Thorp.

1880 Palo Pinto Co p129; Harvey F. Blair

1900 Parker Co TX ED 63 p 9 ln 46 Blair, Eliza enum w/ son-in-law, Jas F. Blackman

1900 Parker Co TX ED 68 p11 ln 45 Blare, Emma enum w/ dau, Samatha Jones



William Blair and Sarah Gray

Patti Adkins Rochette, 1509 Shadybrook Lane, Duncan OK 73533; 580-252-2094

(? William) Blair, born 1794-1800 in probably Harrison Co KY. possible that he was b. in PA, VA, or Franklin Co KY prob to ? John Blair and prob Hannah. He d. bet 1840 and 1847 in prob Lawrence Co AR.

Sarah (? Gray), b. c1797 in Kentucky, prob Harrison Co to ( ? Francis Gray, b. 1780 PA, bro to Wm Gray, b. 1779 PA); d. after 1871 in prob Palo Pinto Co TX. Isaac Gray m. Elvira Bridgeman had dau Sarah Darcus Gray, b. 1847 that m. 1866 Parker Co TX to Joseph Wes Carden (both d. Swensen, Stonewall Co TX, Sarah d. 1908 and buried beside Wm N Blair). .....a Gray hint.

1. George H. Blair b. , 1821 MO, ? Franklin Co d. aft 1879, Fulton Co, AR m. Elizabeth/Milly

2. female b. 1825-30 MO, ? Franklin Co d. bet 1840-1850 per 1840 Census

3. Newman Blair b. 1828 MO, ? Franklin Co d. bef 1880, ? Fulton Co AR m. Angeline Edwards

4. William N "Bill" b. Feb 11, 1830  d. Apr 6, 1915, TX, ? Stonewall Co m. Melissa Williams

**5. Francis Harvey Blair b-Jun 19, 1832 Cape Gird Co MO d-Nov 22, 1883, PaloPin Co TX m-Eliza Criswell

6. James C Blair b. 1836 Lawrence Co AR d. ca Jan 21, 1865 DeValles, Prairie Co AR, ? Coleman Co TX m. Mary ___

7. Thomas C Blair b. 1838 Lawrence Co AR d. aft 1863, ? Palo Pinto Co, TX ? single

8. ? Irvin Blair

Q U E R Y: Irvin Blair may belong. Check 1830 Madison Co MO area for Wilmouths, Grounds, Gray, McDaniels.   Doubt that either he or Newman belong to our Blair.

1. George H Blair, m,1. in prob Lawrence Co AR in c1845 to Elizabeth K [b. in AL]. 1850 Fulton Co AR cen shows this fam next door to John Grounds 29 MO, Wilmouth 22 MO, Sarah Rebecca 1 AR.   Issue, 3 ch: Sarah Rebecca, b. 1847 AR; Wilmoth Jane Blair, 1848-1902 Eastland Co TX and m. George W. Grounds  /__ Blair/ Thomas Edson Ervin; and Matilda Ann, b-Jan 1850.

Geo m,2. in prob Fulton Co AR c1859 to Milly J __ [b. 1830 VA]. Geo pd 1879 Fulton Co AR taxes. Issue since 1850 cen:  William, b. 1857; Thomas, b. 1859; and David, b. 1864.

3. Newman Blair, m-Lawrence Co AR on Apr 26, 1853 to Angeline Edwards [b. 1828 AL], dau of prob ? the Sarah __ [b-1808 KY] and prob ? Miles Edwards [Apr 30, 1804 NC-Nov 22, 1862 Davidson Cem, Palo Pinto Co TX, very near the Parker Co line, found in 1860 Palo Pinto Co TX 191-177 w/ John 25 KY, West 21 MO, Sarah Wilmouth Edwards 19 MO, Columbia Edwards 11, Nancy Froust 11 TX, Victoria 5 TX.    Issue, min 1 ch: Mary, b. May 1860.

...Miles Edwards common name, 1850 Carroll Co TN cen, one Miles Edwards (m-Sep 1, 1853 to Neely Stoker. Newman Blair on Jan 18, 1848 and Jan 19, 1853 dates on Lawrence Co land deeds: DB-F/129 and DB-I/91 buying and selling plot in Twp 16N Ran 3W Sec 35 SW 1/4. living in Union twp, Fulton Co AR. Newman possibly went to Gold Rush in CA w/ Henry Criswell for the 1850 cen. Angeline still there in 1870 but Newman isn't.

N O T E: Newman pd taxes in 1861 on Sec's 30 and 31 in TWP 19N Ran 8W; interesting because Wm Gray paid taxes in 1861 on Sec 31 TWP 19N Ran 9W also. Remember: Sarah and known ch: lived in Sec 1 TWP 18N Ran 9W. Also paying taxes in 1853 on Sec 1 TWP 19N Ran 9W was Irvin BLAIR; ..... who was Irvin ?

4. William N. "Bill" Blair, m. prob Izard Co AR in c1849 to Melissa Ruth Williams [1829 Graves Co KY-1911 Stonewall Co TX], dau of Ruth Cobb [b-1803 Oglethorpe Co GA] and Wyatt Williams [b-1805 Oglethorpe Co GA, 1830 Graves Co KY cen]. lvd Myrtle Springs\Creek, south of Temple, Bell Co TX; Parker Co TX; Palo Pinto Co TX; maybe Coryell or Coleman Co TX; Callahan Co TX; Swensen, Stonewall Co TX. Capt in CSA, drove cattle to feed CSA regiments. initial N may be "Newton." both Brazos Valley Cem, Stonewall Co TX. Issue, 3 ch: Ruth Blair, b-1850; Sarah Josephine Blair, 1852-1946 Ward Co TX and m. Elliott Osborn Watkins; James Franklin Blair, 1856-1891 Callahan Co TX and m. Mary Elizabeth Hight.

**5. Francis Harvey Blair, m. prob Parker Co, TX on Mar 3, 1858 to Eliza A Criswell [1835 Izard Co AR-1920 Jackson Co OK], dau of Davis S Criswell [1895 York Co SC--1866 Parker Co TX] and Morning ( ? Estabrook) [b. in TN]. Frank was a saddlemaker, gunsmith, and wagonwright. Built first bldg in Mineral Wells, Palo Pinto Co TX. Frank served in Confederate TX 2nd Reg, Co H. Do not know burial cite. Issue, 8 ch: Sarah W "Sally," 1859-1937 Parker Co tX and m. Jim Blackman; Matilda Lee, 1860-1942 Jackson Co OK and m. Jeff Hall; **Frances Elzada "Fanny," 1863-1935 Garvin Co OK and m. Geo Theodore Adkins; John, b. 1864 d young; Wm, b. 1865 d. young; Ida Virginia, 1870-1967 Jackson Co OK and m. Marshall Thorp; Laura Ann "Annie," b. 1875 and m. __ Scott.

6. James Blair, Company M, AR 4th Cavalry. 

7. Thomas C Blair ( maybe Thos E Blair), prob the Sharp Co AR Thos Caswell Blair not ours.


1850 Fulton Co AR cen shows John Whitman 40 PA, and Sarah C Richardson, enum w/ Sarah Blair

1860 Palo Pinto Co TX cen shows John Whitemore 45 PA enum w/ Wm N Blair

1860 Palo Pinto Co TX shows T.S. Whitmore 27 TN enum w/ Jackson Smith.

Sarah Blair paid taxes in Lawrence Co, AR in 1837; Wm Blair in 1837 & 1838 in Lawrence Co, AR. Next, Wm and Sarah are in 1840 Lawrence Co AR Cen. Sarah's found paying taxes in 1849 on Fulton Co, AR land where she remained until 1856 when she moved her family to Palo Pinto Co, TX. Sarah's name appears several times on Palo Pinto Co, TX deeds. The last we know of Sarah is her signing a Palo Pinto Co deed in 1869.

S U P P O S I T I O N     O N L Y:

Writer thinks Sarah's husband was William Blair, who was prob in the U.S. Army with residence in Missouri. Her ? Gray relatives had come to northeast Arkansas in the early 1820's and claimed several tracts of land. She prob had her own inherited property since she paid 1837 Lawrence Co AR taxes or maybe he was away in the army; Wm also paid taxes in 1837 and 1838 in Lawrence Co.

The 1840 Cen of Lawrence Co, Lebannon twp, AR shows that the William Blair family "fits": 1221001---0010001-0. Father of these children is missing in the 1850 Fulton Co AR cen.

R E S E A R C H    N E X T:

--1850 Indep Co, AR Cen for Angeline Edward's parents.

--1830 Franklin Co, MO Cen for Wm Blair .....should be 210001---100001

--1870 Palo Pinto Co, TX or Callahan Co, TX for Wm N Blair

--1870, 1850, 1880, 1900 AR Cen for Newman, Geo H, and Irvin Blair, Thomas

__ 1893 Fulton Co AR voting lists J.T. Blair in Cleveland twp


Gray   work sheet

Grays of Harrison Co, KY area then of Missouri Territory, then of Arkansas Territory where Blairs lived. 

Isaac Gray b. ca 1750 d. aft 1816, Bath Co, KY pension appl Rev War vet

Wm Gray b. bef 1765

Samuel Gray b. 1760-1770, PA d. aft 1850 Harr Co, KY Cen

Joseph Gray b. 1760-1770, PA d. aft 1850 Harr Co, KY Cen

James Gray b. 1775-1794

Francis B Gray b. 1779 d. aft 1850 Harr Co, KY Cen

Wm Gray b. 1780

Sampson Gray b. ca 1780 d. 1834, Wash Co, AR

Geo Gray b. ca 1780 returned to Louisville from Sulfur Fork Red River Ind Agnecy

Samuel Gray b. 1794

Isaac Gray b. 1790-1800 d. ca 1840, Jackson Co, AR War of 1812, sheriff

John Gray b. 1790-1800

David Gray b. 1790-1800

Francis B Gray b. 1790-1800

Sarah Gray Blair b. 1797 d. aft 1870 Palo Pinto Co TX cen m. Wm Blair

Hiram Gray b. 1800-1810

Alex Gray b. ca 1800

James Gray b. 1804

Samuel Gray b. 1800-1810

Wm Gray 70 yrs (evidently outlived wife many yrs) until 1898. Also mentions Isaac's sis Louisa Phillips, Geo Gray

Phillips, Maria Moorman. also Geo Gray's will. ...from HIST OF TN, p827, TENN STATE LIB.

Isaac Gray found 1830 Montgomery Co Missouri

George Gray found 1830 Montgomery Co MO

George Gray found 1830 Montgomery Co MO

AR, Sevier Co 1850 cen: 57-57 James H Gray 33 IN; 58-58 Margaret Gray 40 KY, 73-73 McDonald; also Grounds



Tue, Feb 10, 2009 03:29 AM  Audie Grounds <>

My Grounds, Blair lineage is here. I researched my grandmother Mary Conner, who was married to John Wesley Grounds, who father was George W. Grounds, born 1840 and Wilmuth Jane Blair, who was daughter to George H. Blair, 1st born to William and Sarah Gray. The 2nd born only list female born 1825-1830, who I believe was named Wilmoth, George and Francis sister, who on the 1850 Fulton Co., Arkansas census, is in Dwelling 11:
Grounds, John C. born 1821
Grounds, Wilmoth B. 1828
Grounds, Sarah Rebecca born 1849
McDaniel, Susan, age 13, born 1837 in MO
McDaniel, David, age
Dwelling 11

I want to buy your book. It has a lot of history of my Grounds/Blair/Conner/McDonald families. I did want to tell you that on the

1850 Fulton County, Arkansas census, Dwelling 11:

Grounds, John, age 29, born 1821 MO
Grounds, Wilmoth, age 22, born 1828 MO****
Grounds, Sarah Rebecca, age 1, b-1849 Arkansas
and shows in Dwelling 12:
Blair, George H., age 29, born 1821 MO
Blair, Elizabeth, age 23, born 1827 AR
Blair, Sarah Rebecca, age 3, born 1847 AR
Blair, Wilmoth Jane, age 2, born 1848 AR
Blair, Matilda Ann, Age 7 mos., born 1850 AR
I believe Wilmoth (b-1828) married to John Grounds, is your Francis H. Blair's and my George H. Blair's sister. I think she was the 1st female born to William and Sarah. I also feel like my Wilmoth Jane Blair (b-1848) who married George W. Grounds, was probably named for her.
Also from Dwelling 2 to Dwelling 12 are either Grounds, Blairs or Underwoods. Dwelling 10 shows:
Blair, Sarah, age 53, born 1797, KY
Blair, Francis H., age 17, born 1833 MO - your lineage
Blair, James, age 15, born 1835 MO
Blair, Thomas, age 12, born 1838 AR
John Whitman, age 40, born 1810 PA
Sarah C. Richardson, age 18, born 1932 MO
I believe this is Sarah Gray and children at still, with George and sister Wilmoth living next door with their families.


 I ask you if you might know how Sarah Underwood fits into these families. My GGGrandfather Peter Grounds is living in Dwelling 7 with 13 people listed in the home. ggrandfather, George W. (C) is 10 years old here, and it list Elizabeth Wells, age 13, Sevier McDaniel (later used name McDonald), age 6, and David Underwood, age 14.  .I know the Grounds' (head) are brothers, but I can not figure out who the Underwood group is related to.  Maybe the Grounds' just took David in because it shows her with no husband and 5 children still at home ages 18, 16, 12, 9. and 2. She had to be overwhelmed being 40 with a 2-yr-old and 4 other children to care for.   I believe this Sevier McDaniel is son to Elizabeth Grounds, born 1820, who married William McDaniel (McDonnell/ McDonald). I suspect she may have died before 1850 and her brother Peter, took him in.
Is all I have to do is send you a check for the books, if so, who do I make it out to and total amount you require.
Thank you so much by emailing me you website and solving some mysteries.


Francis Harvey Blair (1832-1883)


F. H. Blair had fifteen CSA  regimental return cards labeled "2nd Mounted Rifles" from March 1862 until May 1865 in Roark's Company H, Pyron's 2d Cavalry.   Detailed as a saddler and a gunsmith. 


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 Patricia Adkins-Rochette        01/22/2017     

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Bourland in North Texas and Indian Territory During the Civil War: Fort Cobb, Fort Arbuckle & the Wichita Mountains